By Nil Disco, Eda Kranakis
With the arrival of modernity, the sharing of assets and infrastructures swiftly multiplied past neighborhood groups into neighborhood, nationwide, or even transnational area -- nowhere as visibly as in Europe, with its small-scale political divisions. This quantity perspectives those shared source areas as the seedbeds of a brand new iteration of technology-rich bureaucratic and transnational commons. Drawing at the concept of cosmopolitanism, which seeks to version the dynamics of an more and more interdependent international, and at the culture of commons scholarship encouraged through the past due Elinor Ostrom, the publication develops a brand new concept of ''cosmopolitan commons'' that offers a framework for merging the examine of expertise with such concerns as threat, ethical order, and sustainability at degrees past the countryside.
After laying out the theoretical framework, the ebook provides case experiences that discover the empirical nuances: airspace as shipping commons, radio broadcasting, hydropower, climate forecasting and genetic variety as details commons, transboundary pollution, and ''capstone'' stories of interlinked, temporally layered commons: one on overlapping commons in the North Sea for freight, fishing, and fossil fuels; and one on commons for delivery, salmon fishing, and fresh water within the Rhine.
Contributors:Håkon With Andersen, Nil Disco, Paul N. Edwards, Arne Kaijser, Eda Kranakis, Kristiina Korjonen-Kuusipuro, Tiago Saraiva, Nina Wormbs
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Additional resources for Cosmopolitan Commons
Even airspace and etherspace—as evidenced by the case studies of Kranakis and Toward a Theory of Cosmopolitan Commons 29 Wormbs—require certain kinds of actor networks adapted to their unique characteristics as resource-spaces with specific environmental characteristics. The kinds of technologies employed, whether for resource valorization or surveillance, are shaped in large part by pre-given geophysical traits, topologies, and natural rifts in the landscape. A North Sea transport network cannot be the same as a land-based network; it will have to contain very different kinds of elements.
Take the case of the Rhine. Any given stretch of the river “belongs” to the nation-state through which it flows. According to principles of national sovereignty, that state may regulate access to and use of its portion of the river as it sees fit (or as its citizens see fit). But of course the Rhine flows through several nations, and the resources it harbors (fish, fresh water, transport route, hydropower, and so on) create numerous interdependencies within the riparian nations. For example, any upstream nation that spoils the quality of the water in its stretch of the river also spoils it in foreign stretches further downstream.
Though some market economies did replace some moral economies (as E. P. 58 This new view of the dependence of market economies on moral economies helps overcome (at least to some degree) the otherwise contradictory historical understandings of moral economies. It suggests that moral economies evolve. The urbanization, industrialization, and myriad technological changes that brought the rise of market societies also brought a transformation of the scale and forms of moral economy. Thus, as Thompson’s “moral economy of the crowd” was declining, others were arising or adapting.