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By Zhong, Wen

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Extra resources for An introduction to healthcare and medical textiles

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11. Details about the mechanism of the flame-retardant, halogen-based compounds will be discussed in Chapter 7. , via grafting) of an acrylonitrile polymer, as discussed in detail in Chapter 7. 10. Polypropylene (PP). 11. Acrylic and modacrylic. Elastomeric fibers have superior elasticity. At room temperature, an elastomeric fiber can be stretched repeatedly to at least twice its original length, and still return to its original length upon release of the force. Spandex fiber is the most widely used elastomeric fiber.

3. Nonwoven Fabrics Different from woven or knit fabrics, nonwoven fabrics are fabricated directly from fibers instead of yarns. , adhesive bonding) means. Most of the general purpose fibers can be used in the production of nonwoven fabrics. Nonwoven fabrics have several advantages over woven or knit fabrics. Firstly, the production of nonwovens skips the yarn-forming procedures, considerably reducing the cost of production. Secondly, the nonwovens are highly porous, and allow air and water permeability.

2003). This product can be a useful material for biomedical applications because of its high purity and crystallinity, and its relatively low production cost, as well. These extraction methods were developed to liberate natural nanofibrils in their original forms from the specific matrices in which they grow. Most of the other fabrication methods involve the assembling of polymers—either extracted from natural resources or synthesized from monomers—into nanofibers. These regenerated or synthetic nanofibers will be explained in the next few sections.

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