By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik social gathering in the course of its youth, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny during which the employees of the area, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its individuals via common blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not in basic terms a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and discover his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st learn institute dedicated to the technology of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based publication on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, proposing his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in quite a lot of venues. in the course of the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reports on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov bargains a nuanced research of the interactions among medical rules and societal values.
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Extra resources for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
Petersburg committee of the Bolshevik Party, working on the preparations for the party’s general congress, which was to convene in London the next year. Bogdanov came to London and delivered two key reports to the congress: on the armed uprising and on the party’s internal organization. In a clear recognition of his contributions, the congress elected Bogdanov to the party’s ruling body, its Central Committee. At the time of the first Russian revolution, of 1905–6, Bogdanov represented the Bolsheviks in the St.
11 He approached psychiatric problems from broad social, Voyagers philosophical, biological, and psychological perspectives and developed a synthetic understanding of the human psyche, clearly articulated in his 1893 book Mind and Personality in Psychiatric Disorders (Anfimov 1893). Obviously, in his own work, Bogdanov tried to expand further the synthesis attempted by his teacher. 12 A graduate of the renowned Kazan University, Zelenogorskii made his career in Kharkov, eventually becoming the head of the philosophy department.
S. 8 This North American know-Â�how, along with the Great War experiences, eventually filtered into Russia, but this happened largely after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, which created entirely new ideological, political, and institutional landscapes for the country’s medical services and biomedical research. The Bolshev ik Revolution and Experimental Biomedicine On October 25, 1917, a radical faction of the Russian Social-Â�Democratic Labor Party, the Bolsheviks, carried out a coup d’état in Petrograd9 and declared the establishment of a socialist republic.