By by Dines Chandra Sircar.
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Extra resources for A grammar of the Prakrit language : based mainly on Vararuchi's Prākṛitaprakāśa
Hence this unit could not interpreted as an independent clause; as a non-finite clause, it is part of the qualifier in the original noun group acting as the object of present with. This kind of participial construction often has a causal sense, which seems appropriate here, for the meaning must be 'because fate has decreed'. As an expression of causality, it is best to interpret the unit as an adjunct, which like the preceding adjunct is probably dependent upon the cannot choose of an earlier qualifier.
It is possible that this list of adjectives is meant to suggest an ascending order of unpleasantness, though this might be difficult to substantiate. After these two lines the complement becomes phrasal and relies now on participial forms. Whereas in the first two lines there is a sequence of adjectives, in the latter lines contrast and parallelism are predominant. The third line of the complement is divided into two elements Inioyd no sooner and but dispised straight. Each element consists of a past participle and an adjunct, and the two are separated by the adversative conjunction but.
This difference between the words which precede and those which follow the head can be important in deciding which is the head of a noun group. This can pose problems in that it is possible to make adjectives, adverbs and verbs into nouns, as well as nouns into adjectives. The latter is frequent, and then the order of the words in a group is of particular significance. The following groups are perfectly admissible in English: a system analysis and an analysis system. Here two identical words appear in two orders; each order means something different.