By A. Faludi
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Additional resources for A Decision-Centred View of Environmental Planning
Thus, the foundation was laid for generic planning theory (see Chapters 4 and 5). At the same time it was perhaps unfortunate that Tugwell favoured not only planning, but also central control, something which not all institutionalists shared. Indeed, as early as 1929 the mentor of m a n y institutionalists, J o h n Dewey, had rejected central planning, claiming that the attempt to plan social organisation and association without the freest possible way of intelligence contradicts the very idea of social planning.
Thus, the set of 38 A Decision-centred View of Environmental Planning alternatives identified . . must not omit one . . clearly superior to the one selected" (p. 32). It follows that "comparative evaluation of alternatives" is the same as optimisation. The " I O R School" will be shown in Chapter 6 to be similarly inconsistent, rejecting optimality whilst at the same time advocating evaluation of all alternatives. 3). Their paper is an early example also of the importance given to monitoring, ascribing to the planner " t h e role of an overseer, one who aids policy makers by observing the direction programs are given and by suggesting means for redirecting these towards the intended goals" (p.
In particular, the economic paradigm of rational choice under scarcity, introduced by Margolis, captured Banfield's imagination and led to the successful packaging of the rational action model (Sarbib, 1983, p. 3 below). This redefinition was to n o avail. The "Chicago School" closed down in 1955 (allowing students to complete their research degrees for somewhat longer). T o Perloff this signified lack of acceptance of planning by the Social Science Division. At that time ideological resistance to a progressive faculty may have been a contributory factor.